Waxing and polishing are two different automotive detailing techniques used to keep a vehicle looking bright and new.
Even though they’re sometimes (mistakenly) used interchangeably, they’re two completely different processes that require the use of different products.
For this reason, It’s essential to learn a bit more about them before deciding on which technique is suitable for your car.
Polishing and waxing are two different processes in car detailing with different purposes. Polishing removes minor imperfections like scratches and faded paint by removing a thin layer of paint. On the other hand, waxing protects paint by forming a sacrificial layer on top of the paint.
In this article, I’ll outline whether you should wax or polish your vehicle, the difference between these two detailing methods, and when and how to perform each.
Therefore, keep reading to learn more.
Should I Wax or Polish My Car?
It’ll take more than just washing your car if you want a sparkling, glimmering, clean paint job.
Washing your vehicle may remove some surface dirt and debris, but it won’t do much more.
A bucket, sponge, soap, and water simply aren’t enough to restore a car’s luster.
You should wax your car regularly to protect paint that is in good condition and doesn’t have visible imperfections. If the vehicle has visible imperfections like scratches, faded paint, or sunburn, polishing will remove these. It is best to protect the car afterward by applying paint protection.
Contrary to popular belief, polishing a vehicle does not make it shiny in the way that wax does — it simply removes minor gunk, scratches, and other superficial defects.
It achieves this by removing a microscopic layer of clear coat from the vehicle’s surface.
To better understand how car polishing works, let’s look at the layers of car paint.
Modern cars have four layers of paint: e-coat, primer, basecoat, and clear coat.
The clear coat is the thickest layer as it protects the other layers. However, even the best shields bear the scars of battle – the clear coat gets scratches and swirl marks while protecting the vulnerable inner layers.
These scratches and swirl marks present as imperfections on your car’s paint.
The paint might not look good, but the damage is only superficial, thanks to the thick clear coat.
Polishing clears the imperfection by removing a thin layer of clear coat.
Polishing also removes oxidized paint from cars that have been neglected for a while.
You should polish your car before going for paint protection, such as ceramic coating.
Paint protection options like ceramic coating and PPF seal the impurities in your paint, so your car must have perfect paint before applying the sealant.
Otherwise, you’ll be locked in with a bad paint job.
Polishing perfects the paint surface in readiness for paint protection. It is the best choice for your vehicle before subjecting it to protection.
Wax, however, leaves a shiny, transparent coating on top of the paint. It prevents fading and may help protect against future scratches.
Waxing protects your car’s clear coat from fast degradation caused by weather, dirt, UV radiation, bird droppings, and other contaminants.
It isn’t as long-lasting as other paint protection options like PPF and ceramic coating, but it offers protection to your car’s clear coat.
As with other paint protection options, waxing doesn’t remove imperfections in the paint.
Waxing over imperfections like swirl marks only makes them easier to spot.
Waxing is a paint protection option, while polishing is a paint correction option.
You should choose to wax when looking to accentuate perfect paint and opt for polishing when seeking to correct imperfect paint.
What Is the Difference Between Waxing and Polishing a Car?
Waxing and polishing are not interchangeable. You should never polish a vehicle after waxing — doing so simply removes the wax from the surface and embeds it into the paint.
Waxing (or another protective coating) always comes after washing or polishing a vehicle.
The difference between waxing and polishing includes their purpose, formula, and application frequency. Wax offers shine and protection, whereas polish buffs away imperfections. Polish contains silicones and abrasive particles, while car wax uses oils and waxes.
Below, I’ll dive into the specific differences between wax and polish to give you a better understanding of why the two are not interchangeable.
Wax and Polish Serve a Different Purpose
|Wax vs. Polishing – Their Purposes|
|Car Wax||Car Polish|
|– Fill in Microscopic Defects|
– Provide a Smooth Surface
– Add Shine
– Enhance Vehicle’s Paint
– Protective Layer
|– Paint Correction|
– Buff Away Minor Imperfections
– Add shine
– Preparation before Paint Protection
Waxing a vehicle is the “finishing touch.”
Once you’ve thoroughly washed and polished your car, it’s time for a wax.
The job of wax is to fill in any microscopic defects, leaving a smooth, shiny surface that enhances the car’s paint job. It also provides ultraviolet protection.
On the other hand, polishing is a method of “paint correction.” Polishes are mildly abrasive and remove a thin layer of clear coat from the paint.
This buffs away swirls, minor scratches, and other flaws.
It also smooths out the paint’s surface, leaving a shiny layer that reflects the light perfectly.
This video by Ammo NYC demonstrates how polish adds shine to a car’s paint. It shows a dramatic improvement in the finish of a vehicle that the owner had neglected for nearly a century.
Polish and Wax Use Different Formulas
|Wax vs. Polishing – Ingredients|
|Vehicle Wax||Vehicle Polish|
|Carnauba Wax (+ other waxes), Petroleum-Based Products, Polymers, Resins||Silicones, Emulsifiers, Waxes, Abrasive Elements|
Both wax and car polish come in spray, liquid, or solid form. Both offer different formulas for various paint types.
The majority of car waxes contain Carnauba wax. It’s a popular choice, as it’s not water-soluble, so it won’t wash away after rain, snow, or sleet.
Additionally, it’s heat resistant and adds a lustrous shine. Manufacturers may include other waxes or ingredients in the formula, including beeswax or petroleum-based products.
New formulas often include polymers and resins to add additional protection and increase shine.
Polishes contain mostly silicones, including polydimethylsiloxane, amino-functional silicones, silicone resins, volatile silicones, and silicone emulsifiers.
Some commonly include different types of waxes as well. Abrasive ingredients include aluminum silicate or kaolin clay.
These ingredients remove signs of oxidation and smooth minor scratches and swirls.
Some brands offer “two-in-one” formulations containing both polish and wax.
I highly recommend avoiding these products. They cannot provide the right amount of protection.
Ingredients in these products include waxes, oils, and abrasive elements, and it makes no sense to wax a vehicle with an abrasive substance.
Difference in Application Frequency
|Wax vs. Polishing – Application Frequency|
|Vehicle Wax||Vehicle Polish|
|Every 1-2 Months|
Before Summer, Autumn, and Winter.
|1-2 Times Annually|
Lighter polishes may be used once every three months
Harsh polishes shouldn’t be applied more than once or twice per year.
Lighter polishes, including those advertised as “finishing polishes,” may be used more often (once every three months or so) since they’re less abrasive.
As stated above, polishing involves the removal of a layer of paint. Therefore, every polish leaves the paint thinner.
If you polish too often, you’ll remove the oh-so-important clear coat layer, exposing the vulnerable basecoat to damage.
So, limiting your heavy polishing to once or twice a year will help keep the paint on your vehicle protected longer.
On the other hand, car wax should be reapplied every one to two months, especially before the summer heat sets in.
Keeping a layer of wax on your car will maintain protection and shine, keeping your vehicle looking great all year long.
Furthermore, reapply polish before the harsh months of winter and autumn.
Snow, rain, and road salt can be detrimental to the car’s paint, so you must protect the paint through waxing.
Should You Wax Your Car After Polishing It?
To protect your vehicle’s paint job from harmful ultraviolet radiation, stains, and scratches, you should always apply a coating after polishing.
Given that car polish is abrasive and shaves off a tiny layer of clear coat, it exposes a “new” layer of paint, which is much more susceptible to the elements.
You should wax your car after polishing it. After the polishing stage, car paint should be protected by applying car wax or an alternative like ceramic coating or clear bra. Paint protection will ensure that the paint stays in pristine condition as long as possible.
Since polishing a vehicle is relatively expensive, waxing is a must.
However, if you own a high-value car, I recommend opting for higher-end protection.
While sealants, ceramic coatings, and PPFs are more expensive than waxes, they maintain the polish job for longer.
Below, I’ll outline some of the best car wax alternatives on the market.
Car Wax Alternatives
Some of the best alternatives to car wax include:
Car Polishing and Waxing Tips
Here are a few additional tips to get the most out of your wax and polish.
Can You Substitute Car Wax for Car Polish?
You cannot substitute car wax for car polish. Wax and polish are two entirely different products and should not be used interchangeably. Polish removes a fine layer of topcoat to buff out imperfections, and car wax is a protective finishing product.
Substituting polish for wax or wax for polish does absolutely nothing for your vehicle other than potentially damaging the paint job.
As mentioned repeatedly throughout this article, these two products are not the same.
Universal Technical Institute: How To Restore Faded Car Paint
Automotive Training Center: How To Do Effective Paint Corrections As An Auto Refinishing Prep Technician
Turtle Wax: What is Carnauba Wax and How Should You Use It?
Slide Share: All About Car Polish
ShinyCarProject: Car Wax Alternatives: All Alternatives Compared (Ceramic Coating, Clear Bra, etc.)
Nextzett: Why car polish is important
The News Wheel: Is it really necessary to wax my car?
Ammo NYC: First wash in 46 years Triumph GT6 barn find disaster